Thursday, December 16, 2010

1860 census map shows where Missouri's slave population resided

Posted by on Thu, Dec 16, 2010 at 7:00 AM

click to enlarge The cutting edge use of shading blew Lincoln's mind.
  • The cutting edge use of shading blew Lincoln's mind.

The New York Times published a great story last week about a map of the South from 1860 census -- the last to tabulate slave populations -- that illustrates Missouri's slave population just before the Civil War.

University of Denver history professor Susan Schulten writes that the county-by-county map of 15 states, which was noteworthy for using the funky new concept of shading to show higher concentrations of slaves, validated Union politicians' theories that slavery was the dominant cause of the war.

She explains:

[T]he map illustrated the degree to which entire

regions -- like eastern Tennessee and western Virginia -- were virtually

devoid of slavery, and thus potential sources of resistance to

secession. Such a map might have reinforced President Abraham Lincoln's

belief that secession was animated by a minority and could be reversed

if Southern Unionists were given sufficient time and support.

Missouri's place on the map is a microcosm of the rest of the South,

with higher slave populations in a band of agricultural counties in the

middle of the state, and very few in the northern regions. Cooper

County's population, for instance, was 40 percent slaves, but Harrison

County on the Iowa border was .2 percent slaves.

The map-turned-Lincoln-propaganda poster shows that Missouri, with

114,900 slaves (9.7 percent of the population), was relatively

unshaded compared to other states that Missourians were about to take up arms with. In South Carolina 57

percent of population were enslaved, Mississippi was at just over fifty

percent.

OK, history class is over. Go read what you came here for. 

rsz_slave_map.jpg

Tags: , , ,

Comments

Showing 1-1 of 1

Add a comment

 
Subscribe to this thread:
Showing 1-1 of 1

Add a comment

Most Popular Stories

Slideshows

All contents ©2014 Kansas City Pitch LLC
All rights reserved. No part of this service may be reproduced in any form without the express written permission of Kansas City Pitch LLC,
except that an individual may download and/or forward articles via email to a reasonable number of recipients for personal, non-commercial purposes.

All contents © 2012 SouthComm, Inc. 210 12th Ave S. Ste. 100, Nashville, TN 37203. (615) 244-7989.
All rights reserved. No part of this service may be reproduced in any form without the express written permission of SouthComm, Inc.
except that an individual may download and/or forward articles via email to a reasonable number of recipients for personal, non-commercial purposes.
Website powered by Foundation